Wine or Must
(“Vino Cotto o
Must - Which is fresh pressed juice of grapes before
Fresh orange peels
In a heavy pot, if possible use stainless steel, cook must at a
low heat, simmer until it is reduced to half. Cover and leave in the same pot to cool
Next day add some orange peels and ¼ stick of cinnamon, simmer and reduce to
Cool and filter the cooked wine, store in clean glass bottles or jars making sure
that they are covered air tight.
Is there a difference between the vino cotto- cooked wine- and must,
The must -il mosto- or cooked wine is usually made by individuals for their own
use to replace honey or as a sweetener to make homemade cookies or to add and give to weak wines
color, body and a pleasant taste.
Vino cotto is a wine obtained by boiling and reducing the freshly pressed juice of
grapes to get a thick wine; at times with the addition of fruit, spices or nuts.
It is used in the preparation of dessert, for gourmet dishes and for its therapeutic
qualities; an excellent remedy for the cough. It was used as a sweetener by the Greeks and Romans and to add to
wine to make it more palatable. The Romans made a sauce with must – mustum in Latin- and senape seed which today
is called mustard. The Greeks used resin as a preserver to top the amphorae full of must and wine: hence the
traditional resinous wines made in Greece. Also cooked wine or must, aged in oak barrels for over six months, with the addition of an
infusion of seeds, herbs, spices or nuts, it is used as a dessert wine: a singular must made in the
island of Madeira, aged a few years and fortified with brandy, is a
popular aperitif and desserts wine.
The "pure, classic" must is pure freshly pressed juice of grapes, slowly cooked and
gradually reduced to much less than one third in a process that takes days.
No alcohol or sugar or other products can be added; strict rules are to be followed
as the must has to be produced in the same zone where the grapes are grown and certain norms have to be followed
regarding the storage and the aging.
There are a few wineries producing and bottling “Pure Mosto” in the region of
Emilia-Romagna and Veneto